Breast implant associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma is a cancer of the immune system which has been associated with breast implants. There are around 300 cases worldwide and considering the number of implants going into patients, the risk is small.
BIA-ALCL occurs on average 8 years after implant placement and presents commonly as large fluid filled swelling around the implant (seroma). Less commonly, it can cause a lump around the breast implant.
There is some evidence pointing to bacteria infection as one of the possible causes of BIA-ALCL. This is all the more reason for surgeons to practice the 14 point plan.
Point 14 of the 14 point plan encourages all patients with implants to undergo yearly clinical and/or radiographic check.